Main Delhi-Mathura Road, Opp. Bus Stand Palwal, Haryana
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  • Mon-Thu 08:00 - 20:00
    Friday 07:00 - 22:00
    Saturday 08:00 - 18:00
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  • Liver disease has risen alarmingly owing to genetic predisposition (insulin resistance) coupled with changing lifestyle. Unless problem is addressed in time, it can result in significant liver damage for those affected".
  • Cirrhosis is a late stage of scarring (fibrosis) of the liver caused by many forms of liver diseases and conditions, such as hepatitis and chronic alcoholism.
  • Each time your liver is injured — whether by disease, excessive alcohol consumption or another cause — it tries to repair itself. In the process, scar tissue forms. As cirrhosis progresses, more and more scar tissue forms, making it difficult for the liver to function (decompensated cirrhosis). Advanced cirrhosis is life-threatening.
  • The liver damage done by cirrhosis generally can't be undone. But if liver cirrhosis is diagnosed early and the cause is treated, further damage can be limited and, rarely, reversed.
  • Symptoms

    Cirrhosis often has no signs or symptoms until liver damage is extensive. When signs and symptoms do occur, they may include:
  • Fatigue
  • Easily bleeding or bruising
  • Loss of appetite, Nausea
  • Swelling in your legs, feet or ankles (edema)
  • Weight loss, Itchy skin
  • Yellow discoloration in the skin and eyes (jaundice)
  • Fluid accumulation in your abdomen (ascites)
  • Spiderlike blood vessels on your skin
  • Redness in the palms of the hands
  • • For women, absent or loss of periods not related to menopause
  • For men, loss of sex drive, breast enlargement (gynecomastia) or testicular atrophy
  • Confusion, drowsiness and slurred speech (hepatic encephalopathy)

  • Causes

    A wide range of diseases and conditions can damage the liver and lead to cirrhosis.

    Risk factors

    • Drinking too much alcohol. Excessive alcohol consumption is a risk factor for cirrhosis.
    • Being overweight. Being obese increases your risk of conditions that may lead to cirrhosis, such as non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis.
    • Having viral hepatitis. Not everyone with chronic hepatitis will develop cirrhosis, but it's one of the world's leading causes of liver disease.
    • Complications

      Complications of cirrhosis can include:
    • High blood pressure in the veins that supply the liver (portal hypertension)
    • Swelling in the legs and abdomen.
    • Enlargement of the spleen (splenomegaly).
    • Bleeding.
    • Infections.
    • Malnutrition.
    • Buildup of toxins in the brain (hepatic encephalopathy).
    • Jaundice.
    • Bone disease.
    • Increased risk of liver cancer.
    • Acute-on-chronic liver disease .
    • Prevention

      Reduce your risk of cirrhosis by taking these steps to care for your liver:

    • Do not drink alcohol if you have cirrhosis. If you have liver disease, you should avoid alcohol.
    • Eat a healthy diet. Choose a plant-based diet that's full of fruits and vegetables. Select whole grains and lean sources of protein. Reduce the amount of fatty and fried foods you eat.
    • Maintain a healthy weight. An excess amount of body fat can damage your liver. Talk to your doctor about a weight-loss plan if you are obese or overweight.
    • Reduce your risk of hepatitis. Sharing needles and having unprotected sex can increase your risk of hepatitis B and C. Ask your doctor about hepatitis vaccinations.
    • If you're concerned about your risk of liver cirrhosis, talk to your doctor about ways you can reduce your risk.

      Patients who have the following - Type 2 Diabetes, High Blood Pressure, are Overweight or suspected Metabolic syndrome The level of fibrosis can now be assessed by non-invasive tests, including blood tests and scans such as Fibroscan. This is a novel method, now available at Guru Nanak Hospital to accurately diagnose the level of fibrosis and early stages of cirrhosis.

      We at Guru Nanak Hospital have started Liver Clinic at 2 nd and 4th Monday of every month.

      This clinic will offer a comprehensive assessment, counseling and therapy for patients with liver disease Special packages will be available and patients can seek advice from a liver specialist, dietician and will also be counseled on lifestyle changes, exercise, weight loss etc. Tailored diet charts and exercise programs will be arranged according to each individual's requirement.